Niniveh and Alexandria

The Two Vanished Libraries of Antiquity


  • Mariana Borcoman „Transilvania” University of Brașov



library, papyrus, tablets, general catalogue, inventory


Humankind has dramatically evolved for the past thousands of years in terms of communication - starting from signs and signals conveyed via visual and auditory means and ending up with the set of signs that came to be known as the alphabet over a vast geographic area. For example, the Sumerian tablets created in Uruk were initially destined for commercial purposes and it was only afterwards that they were viewed as including knowledge of their time. Another example of historical evolution is the Egyptian papyruses gathered in Alexandria in the greatest building of the ancient world’s library. Nowadays there are only few such remnants, but their importance for how writing has evolved is invaluable.


Eliade, M. (1991) Istoria ideilor ?i credin?elor religioase [History of Religious Ideas], vol. I, Bucure?ti: Editura ?tiin?ific?.
Erich, A. (2008) Istoria c?r?ii de la semnele mnemotehnice la cartea electronic? [The history of books from the mnemotechnical signs to the electronic book], Târgovi?te: Editura Bibliotheca.
Olteanu, V. (1992) Din istoria ?i arta c?r?ii [On the history and art of books], Bucure?ti: Editura Lexicon.




How to Cite

Borcoman, M. (2018). Niniveh and Alexandria: The Two Vanished Libraries of Antiquity. Revista Română De Biblioteconomie și Știința Informării = Romanian Journal of Library and Information Science, 13(4), 109–112.